Rottweiler Features


Rottweiler dogs are characterized by being very imposing and even instilling some fear, but we recommend that you do not be fooled by appearances.

give yourself the opportunity to meet these wonderful dogs, that They can be very affable and affectionate.

To know more about the Rotts - as they are also called - you cannot stop reading all the information that we bring here for you.

Origin and History

Rottweiler dogs are originally from ancient Rome, and those we know today come from Germany.

Previously they were also known as butcher dogs, because they were the ones who drove the carriages where the meat was transported.

History tells that the butchers hung in the necks of these dogs, their bags with money, to avoid being docked during their journey.

Today, they not only stand out as protection dogs, but they also perform important tasks such as police dog, guide dog or assistance dog.

Rottweiler dog features

Rottweilers stand out for being dogs with very strong bodies robust, strong muscular and athletic.

In addition with a wide head very well proportioned with the rest of his body.

The snout is broad and powerful, with a scissor-shaped bite.

The eyes are medium in size, rounded and usually dark brown or dark brown.

They are considered as large dogs, because males reach measure 68 centimeters and weigh 50 kilograms.

While females measure 63 centimeters and weigh 48 kilograms.

Its fur is short, hard, with a rough texture and glued to the body, in terms of colors are black with mahogany spots.

Temperament and behavior

Unfortunately, many times the Rottweiler breed is associated with violent and aggressive dogs, but the truth is that it is not.

In all cases these animals develop their aggressiveness due to the type of upbringing given by their owners and trainers.

These are dogs that actually have a very balanced character, and it is recommended that from puppies be trained, educated and trained to socialize with other dogs, other animals and people.

Because of their great intelligence they are very easy to train, and they are also able to take on important tasks with full responsibility.

Therefore, they are used as police dogs, guide dogs, among others.

They are dogs very obedient, brave, with great instinct of protection and very reliable.

Well trained can live normally with the family.

In fact they love to share with the people around them and play with their master.

Like other dogs, rottweilers should periodically go to the vet, to verify your health and to control your vaccines.

On the other hand, hygiene is very important, and the best thing is that it deserves little effort, because it is only necessary bathe them when it merits.

It is advisable to bathe them every 6 weeks, and as for brushing the coat, doing it once every 15 days will be enough.

A good dose of exercise It cannot be missing, since it will not only make you happy, but it will keep you healthy and strong.

It is always advisable to walk them with a lot of supervision.

Rottweiler Features

  • Height at the cross: from 60 to 68 in the male
  • Weight: from 45 to 60 kg in the male
  • Cap: black and fire without white spots
  • Average life: twelve years
  • Character: born, serious and calm protector
  • Relationship with children: good
  • Relationship with other dogs: very dominant
  • Aptitudes: guard and defense dog
  • Space needs: preferably a garden
  • Rottweiler feed: from 650 to 850 g. dry full food diaries
  • Arrangement: null
  • Maintenance cost: high

Unlike the other races that have stood out in popularity, the Rottweiler He is not a sweet hunting dog (like the Labrador Retriever, the Golden Retriever or the Cocker Spaniel) or an adorable shepherd dog (like the German Shepherd). Nor does it have any similarity to the Poodle, despite the affection that the Germans have for both races. Noel Rottweiler It is a huge and good dog for work whose weight can exceed 45 kg and whose height can be up to 68 cm. Surely the Rottweiler You must possess many good qualities to fit the tastes of so many dog ​​owners everywhere in the world.

The strength and courage of Rottweiler he won the favoritism in the early twentieth century. After suffering serious neglect at the beginning of this century, the race was "called up" in the First World War. His performance in the Axis powers, proved his extraordinary abilities as a military dog, and this explains the outstanding performance, decades later, of the Rottweiler in the Schutzhund. Life in today's society, in which there is a high crime rate in both large cities and towns, a guard dog with this impressive size and ability is in demand, as evidenced by statistics.


The feed of Rottweiler dogs should be very well monitored, as it is one of the breeds that tends to Develop obesity very quickly.

So it will be necessary to follow the recommendations of the veterinarian, both in dosage and in nutrients.

The diet must be high in protein, with low fat and that provides the necessary nutrients so that these specimens remain at their ideal and healthy weight.

Physical characteristics

Unlike the other molous-type breeds, such as the Neapolitan Mastiff, the Dogue de Bordeaux and the Bullmastiff, the Rottweiler It is a balanced dog, well proportioned and not exaggerated as the giants mentioned above, prone to acromegaly and worse diseases. It is even wise to say that, for its size, it is a fairly healthy dog, being affected only by hip dysplasia and a few other diseases, and its average life is greater than that of other dogs of its size. The smooth and lustrous black fur, accentuated by its strategically located fire-colored spots, chisels a beautiful figure. His head is impressive, but not disproportionate to his body. It is, of all all, a majestic animal of considerable size, although not like the Mastiff and other races.


An important attribute that the Rottweiler It is his traceability. He is a very intelligent and obedient dog, capable of learning many tasks. His story as a shepherd, as a military and guard dog and as a dog of obedience and exposure, speaks very well of his versatility.

He Rottweiler It is a protective animal by nature, strong enough to keep its protective instincts. Many trainers advise taking the education of Rottweiler very carefully, given its natural instincts and strength. The training of Schutzhund has been used, with great success, when it has been directed by a professional trainer in a controlled environment. Beginners shouldn't even think about training Rottweiler To attack. The help of a professional is essential. In Germany there are countless expert trainers in Schutzhund, in England and in the USA. UU. It is more difficult to get their services and therefore a lot of caution is recommended when it comes to this type of training. He Rottweiler It is a trustworthy and safe dog, according to its stature and its proud German origin. There are stories about the use of Rottweiler as "money carriers" for commerce: they carried a bag with money tied around their neck. Confidence and strength go hand in hand in the case of Rottweiler.

Certainly, the German standard describes a dog that impresses many dog ​​lovers: the qualities of fidelity, placidity and decision are good in a dog of the size and strength of the dog. Rottweiler. This dog is, at the same time, friendly and imposing. He does not make friends without more: a stranger is a stranger. It is not like the Retrievers, who immediately accept anyone as a friend. The Rottweiler they have discernment, as their intelligence and good judgment allow.

His protective nature also underlines his judgment, but once he has accepted him as a friend, he can be sure that he will have a partner to whom he can trust.

The Rottweiler They are ideal as protectors of the family and property. Accept all family members and protect both the father and the baby. The Rottweiler They don't usually have favorites, although there are exceptions. Once we had a female who felt true devotion to my oldest son and who had less devotion to the girls in the family. However, that bitch's daughters were affectionate and protective of anyone in the family. The Rottweiler they tend to be individualistic, and this is due, once again, to being ready and discerning creatures.

Your intelligence affects your traceability. As is often said of cats, they are too smart to wait for an order to be repeated. Once they have executed it once or twice as you like it, they will surely get tired of the game and look for a better way out. «Why do humans insist on doing these things so many times? I have already grasped the idea the first time and it was not so exciting »seems to think the Rottweiler. Some specimens need more help than others, but patience is always required when training a dog, no matter what breed it is.

If you have children at home and are considering getting a Rottweiler, you must consider certain things. A Rottweiler Well raised, educated in a family with love and equity, he is as trustworthy with children as the best of dogs. Given its size and strength, many parents will prefer not to take risks. This is the prerogative of all parents, but accidents and dog bites can occur with any breed. In fact there are more cases of Cocker Spaniels that bite children than any other race, including Rottweiler and the Pit Bull Terriers. Any dog ​​can hurt by biting, regardless of size, although large dogs tend to do so less strongly, since they know their power. If you know the breeder of your dog and have commented on the temperament of the dogs of that line, you should trust the Rottweiler what I bought. Of course, there is always caution and should never allow the dog to take over, whether it is with the older person in the family or with the younger child. Dogs like to have positive examples to imitate since, if not, they will try to become the leaders. Your pack instinct needs a leader. That leader must be you and then the other members of your family will come. He Rottweiler He must understand that he has the lowest rank in the house.

Are you prepared and fit to have a Rottweiler? Do you possess the physical resistance to deal with such a dog? Do you have a fenced garden to provide a place to exercise? Do you have time to devote to a dog that will focus your attention and protection on you?

Not everyone meets the conditions for this. That's obvious. You should not rush when deciding that this dog is for you, your home and your family. Every dog ​​deserves a good opportunity and the best possible situation to live. He Rottweiler It requires an owner with confidence and competent, who understands your needs and is able to provide what you need.

The Schutzhund, pulling cars, grazing tests, hiking with a backpack behind and going camping, visits to the vet and more. The time you spend with your Rottweiler It is only limited by your imagination, your time and your budget. Of course, a Rottweiler It is a type of dog who likes to try everything. As they enjoy such confidence from their owners, the Rottweiler They will follow you to the end of the world.

The health of your Rottweiler

The Rottweiler They are generally healthy and active dogs. Advances in veterinary medicine, like those in human medicine, result in greater life expectancy, but as regards our pets, this is not a reliable hypothesis. The Rottweiler They reach their age around 7 years, which may seem to us a very early age for us humans, who do not retire until 60 or 65 years. To assure our Rottweiler the longest and healthiest life possible, we must inform ourselves and provide them with the best care. This begins, of course, with visits to the veterinarian and with an adequate vaccination schedule. In the late 1970s, a fatal disease called parvovirosis was first described. While it can be cured today, without proper vaccinations, early diagnosis and rapid treatment can be fatal. Many breeders lost valuable puppies during the 80s and 90s due to this dreaded disease. Your veterinarian will inform you of the best vaccination schedule, which usually begins at eight weeks of age, is repeated periodically until four months, from there it is vaccinated every six months until the dog turns two years old. Research indicates that the immune system of Rottweiler It is weaker than that of other races, so great care is needed to protect them from parvovirus, which, unfortunately, seems to be very susceptible.

As with most large breeds, hip and elbow dysplasia have already claimed some victims among Rottweiler. Hip dysplasia, described for the first time as a serious problem in German Shepherds, has left many people lame or seriously deformed Rottweiler. As it is a hereditary problem, no one should be raised Rottweiler to test positive for hip dysplasia. Its incidence has been reduced since the 70s, when it was around 30%, but still today approximately 20% of the Rottweiler They give positive to the disease. Even worse: the incidence of elbow dysplasia is worryingly high, with a percentage of 40 to 50% and there are more cases in males than in females. Breeders should subject their dogs to tests for both types of dysplasia before having them raised. Years ago, some dysplastic champions were raised a lot and, because of that, the number of sick puppies was alarming. Today, breeders exclude them from their breeding programs, regardless of their positive morphology (beauty) values.

Another problem related to Rottweiler It is known as gastric torsion, which veterinarians also refer to as gastric dilation. Large deep-chested dogs are the most susceptible to it. It is characterized by the stomach starting to swell with the air that the dog swallows. It is generally not a problem that affects puppies, but adult or elderly dogs. Those who tend to swallow their food and water voraciously, run or play vigorously or who are stressed due to other factors are candidates for this swelling. In the worst case, a dog whose stomach has suffered that swelling will die due to torsion of the stomach, which will cause the flow of food to the organ to stop and also the blood supply. Unfortunately, about a third of dogs suffering from this problem will perish, although immediate veterinary assistance can prevent it. Many veterinarians and breeders make recommendations to the owners of the Rottweiler on how to help them prevent the possible occurrence of swelling.

Since the Rottweiler Looking forward to your meal time, your excitement can result in swallowing or devouring. You must restrain this as much as possible. Give smaller meals but two or three times a day. You can place balls or toys to bite on the plate, so that the dog is forced to eat with these objects in between. Always serve dry food that has been saturated with water. Use some type of platform to make the plate of food to a higher level. Remove the water during the meal, but leave it at your disposal for the rest of the day. Do not leave food that you have not taken. Place it only at meal times and remove it when the dog moves away from the plate. Schedule the exercise sessions so that at least 90 minutes pass before and after each meal. These simple suggestions can mean the difference between life and death for your friend. It really is a very low price for everything your Rottweiler It gives you as far as companionship, protection and fun is concerned.

Other problems to discuss with your veterinarian include hypothyroidism, which is the hormonal problem that occurs most frequently in the Rottweiler, osteochondrosis, a condition that occurs in young dogs and in which cartilage is affected, aortic stenosis, which is a congenital heart defect, degenerative myelopathy, which affects the spinal cord, progressive atrophy of the retina, which can result in blindness, and von Willebrand disease, the common congenital blood disease that affects the clotting factor.

This list may seem scary to the enthusiast of Rottweiler, but if we present it here, it is not to discourage your interest in this great breed, but rather to encourage you to take care of these animals responsibly. Surely, the list of diseases that occur in people would be equally disheartening. Be a responsible owner, learn and enjoy for as long as possible with your life Rottweiler.

If you want to know more about the Rottweiler We recommend the publication of the publishing house Hispano Europea Rottweiler Excellence Series:

Rottweiler history

The breed has its formal origin in the Rottweil German region. However, its history dates back to the time of the Roman Empire. At that time, the predecessors of the current rottweiler were used as protection dogs and to drive cattle.

When the Romans arrived in the Rottweil region, their dogs crossed with local dogs. The result of these crosses gave rise to the "Rottweil butcher's dog", which was used to collaborate with local butchers during the slaughter of the cattle. These dogs were responsible for controlling the most aggressive bulls and cows, facilitating the activity of butchers. Due to their bravery, they were also used to protect the properties. With the passage of time the ability of the breed for other functions was recognized and its popularity began to emerge.

Rottweiler character

Attentive, obedient, calm, brave, safe, reliable and loyal to yours. This can be described the typical character of the rottweiler. Of course, you have to keep in mind that not all "rotties" have that character.

This is how the Rottweiler has stood out in the past, and continues to do so today, as one of the most races versatile and intelligent. His flexibility and emotional stability allow him to adapt well to different activities, so he can be trained for the protection of his family, obedience, police dog, therapy dog ​​and assistance dog. It can also be trained as a search and rescue dog.

In addition to the aforementioned activities, the Rottweiler gets very good results in dog sports and obedience competitions. But the character of the rottweiler also has its disadvantages. Despite being very confident dogs, rotties can be very reactive. Therefore, it is very important to socialize them from puppies so that they get along well with people, with dogs and with other animals. Training in basic obedience is a necessity with a dog of these characteristics.

This breed is one of those that has fallen into the category of "potentially dangerous dogs" in many countries. This is a shame since the rottweiler is only a dangerous dog when it is educated by irresponsible people to encourage its aggressiveness. The character of a correctly socialized rottweiler is far from dangerous and, on the contrary, it is that of a docile and friendly dog. It all depends on how the dog is educated.

The rottweiler is a dog of simple care. To begin, we will indicate that it is a dog with a fur very easy to care for and keep. We will bathe you every 2 or 3 months paying attention to the accumulated dirt and brush at least once a week to remove the remains of dead hair. The rest of the body areas such as teeth, nails or ears should also be cleaned weekly.

On the other hand, the rottweiler is a dog with tendency to gain weight So we will spend time preventing obesity in this dog through adequate doses of food, physical exercise and moderate snacks. Avoiding overweight is essential to not contribute to the development of degenerative diseases such as hip dysplasia or osteoarthritis.

The exercise will be one of the pillars of rottweiler care. We talk about a dog that love to exercise and practice activities of all kinds so it will be ideal to think about the different sports for dogs. His intelligence also allows us to work more complex activities such as Agility. It is very important to correctly meet your needs to prevent problems such as anxiety or stress.

Rottweiler Education

The rottweiler is a dog with impressive physical characteristics as well as an intelligent and skilled companion. For that reason, training is very important in this breed. A dog of these qualities cannot suffer from lack of education They could affect your adult life very negatively.

To begin, in the education of the puppy, we will focus mainly on socialization: the process in which we introduce the dog rottweiler other dogs, pets, people and objects. This is a very important part of the training of the Rottweiler since without a correct socialization we can suffer a reactive, fearful and insecure dog in the future. Developing a good socialization process will allow you to be with all kinds of people and in all kinds of environments without problem. It will also be important to enrich and mentally stimulate him during his younger stage.

On the other hand, and when starting to grow, the young rottweiler should start learning more things. In our article about rottweiler training we comment on the importance of obedience. We must remember that it is a dog of great size and physical strength so knowing how to guide and guide the animal will be very important if we want a happy life by his side. The basis of all your education will be positive reinforcement.

Rottweiler Health

To finish with the rottweiler dog we will emphasize that it is usually a dog relatively healthy, with a life expectancy that is around 10 years. The most common diseases in this breed are usually hip dysplasia or cancer although through regular visits to the veterinarian we can quickly detect their appearance.

It will be very important to follow deworming and the vaccine schedule strictly to avoid any possible viral, bacterial or parasitic infection. The set of good care and optimal health will make our rottweiler dog healthy, long-lived and athletic.


Rottweilers are fairly easy to maintain for how big they are and, in fact, tend to be obese if they don't get enough exercise. Hair care is minimal: a quick weekly cleaning will almost always be enough. Some rottweilers drool a lot, especially males that have droopy lips (lips).

One of the most important things to remember about rottweilers is that they need a broad and continuous socialization to be good family partners. Training is essential and should start from a very young age. Although his bravery is unquestionable, it could be handled incorrectly. This breed is not suitable for a first time owner. Rottweilers love to work and will happily compete in virtually all canine sports, from obedience to grazing and dragging.

Ideally, a rottweiler be exposed to other pets, including dogs, from the beginning, and also to children. They are usually very protective of their children and should be supervised when they are with a group of children. For this breed, you should definitely go to a reputable breeder, because his popularity has caused some temperament and health problems. They usually live 12 years.

Rottweilers are one of the oldest races. They accompanied the Romans on their journey through Germany driving cattle and protecting the border posts. Many were left behind, and in the city of Rottweil, in southern Germany, they became the breed we know today. They are considered to belong to the mastiff family. Subsequently, they contributed decisively in the development of the Doberman.

From the beginning, rottweilers were working dogs: they drove cattle to the market, dragged cars, protected homes and even carried money to the market in belts that were fastened around the neck. They currently work in safety and grazing.

The rottweiler almost disappeared as a breed shortly before the beginning of the 20th century, when smaller, easier-to-maintain dogs assumed many of their functions. Fortunately, some dedicated breeders recovered the breed, and it is one of the most popular races in the United States today. There is a series of children's books, with beautiful illustrations, about a Rottweiler named Carl and his adventures with his family's baby.