Siberian Husky: characteristics, care, food, health and more about this breed


Siberian huskies are extremely beautiful when they are puppies, but it is important to know what to expect when we decide to adopt a Siberian husky puppy. This breed They are not the best dog for novice owners, a husky is a somewhat special dog that adapts much better to people who are familiar with the very specific needs of the breed.

Is essential set the basic rules, borders and limits for a husky puppy from the start. The husky must know that his master is the leader from the beginning, otherwise he will begin to quickly show the most dominant side of his nature, becoming more difficult to control and manage.

It is important not only that the house is puppy proof before a husky puppy arrives, but also the garden must be ultra-safe to keep them in since we are facing a breed of dogs that are escape artists. The garden fences must be at least 2 meters high and anchored deeply in the ground. It is proven that Siberian huskies are very good at escaping, either by digging or climbing the fence.

It is also important to remove any tools and other garden items from the garden to prevent the puppy from being injured, since when a Siberian husky puppy plays, they tend to be extremely bustling and will sweep through the garden like a spinning top.

All puppies like to nibble things and husky puppies are no exception, but instead they are expert chewers. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that all electrical cables are out of reach of the dog. This applies to any other item that our little husky puppy chews and can cause him injuries.

Husky puppies need a lot of sleep during the day, which means that it is important to establish a quiet area where they can snuggle and take a nap whenever they want, which is typical among the bustling game episodes. That said, you should not be too far away because it is important to watch the puppy and know that there is someone and that you are not alone.

At the moment when a husky puppy arrives at his new home it is important that he is surrounded by family members and that he stays alone as little as possible, especially during the first week. The reason is that the puppy will surely be facing the first time he is alone without his mother's company and other litter puppies, which can cause him some stress.

Also it is important to establish a routine that includes when a husky puppy is fed, which should be 4 times a day and when it is taken out to make your needs, since it is an important part of your behavior training at home.

Huskies like to be clean and neat, so they usually learn quickly where to do their needs, provided they receive the appropriate guidance from the beginning.

For your health it is important to keep track of when the puppy should be dewormed and, as a guide, it must be calculated from the last time the breeder did it. From 6 months until the year it is advisable to deworm them every 2 months.

Things you will need for your new husky puppy

There are certain items needed for puppies that best buy in advance upon arrival. This includes the following:

    Com bowls> Do not make loud or shrill sounds

All puppies are ultra sensitive to loud noises, so it is important to keep the volume of televisions and other devices low. Loud sounds can make a young husky feel anxious and stressed, which is something that should be avoided at all costs, especially because they need to sleep for a long time.

Regular veterinary reviews

Surely a Siberian husky puppy will have received his first vaccine from the breeder, but it is essential to follow the appropriate vaccination period considering that a dog would not be fully protected until 2 weeks after his last vaccination. A Siberian husky should be vaccinated between 10 and 12 weeks of age

When it comes to vaccination boosters, it is best to discuss them with a veterinarian because there is a great debate about whether a dog really needs them after a certain time. It is always advisable to strictly follow the vaccination schedules recommended by the veterinarian.

How we care for the most adult Siberian huskies

When a Siberian Husky reaches his golden years, in general they diminish his energy, although they still like to be busy and some specimens remain playful until their last years.

The more mental stimulation an older dog has, the better his cognitive function will work, although he may not be quick enough to respond to things when he was young.

The passage of age not only affects the body of the husky, but they can also change a bit in character, which often makes them less anxious to go for a walk and their appetites also change. Rethinking the diet of an adult husky to ensure that all their nutritional needs are met is essential for their overall health and well-being.

Other changes that are often observed in older Siberian husky are:

  • They sleep a lot more during the day and are often awake at night
  • The hair on their faces and other parts of their bodies starts to get a little more gray
  • They lose muscle tone because they are less active
  • They may suffer from arthritis and that is why it is important to invest in a warm and comfortable dog bed so that they sleep and find it easier to get out of it.
  • They may start drinking more water and want to urinate more frequently as a result
  • Older dogs often give the impression of being disoriented, this is because their cognitive function is not as acute as it was before.
  • They may be less tolerant than they were when they were younger.

Everything you should know about the Siberian Husky

The Siberian husky is not a good guard dog because although his loyalty to the family is out of the question, he will be friendly to anyone who approaches. His threatening presence shines by his absence, every time he is able to greet an intruder with a friendly lick.

For this reason, this breed is one of the most people oriented It is and its copies are very treatable, which is explained by the fact that they had to be very docile and disciplined to accomplish without delay the tasks entrusted to them.

As a curiosity to say that husky is a generic term that refers to any Nordic-style dog. The origin of this term comes from the corruption of Eskie, or what the same, Eskimo, a town that continues to have sled dogs in one of the main props for their survival.

From time immemorial, there are several Siberian Eskimo tribes that used dogs for their daily work. These dogs played a fundamental role in the survival of these people since among their most important tasks were those of Accompaniments to hunters, sniffing of trails and help to transport food back to the village.

Although each tribe had its own preferences, all these dogs had in common being Nordic and jackal-type, as well as having been crossed at some point with Arctic wolves. To the extent that centuries have passed, meticulous rearing and conservation of the purest bloodlines mean that today, the "wolf part" that the husky had has been completely eliminated.

Thus, the Siberian husky that we know today is not a wolf hybrid, but a real dog that is also beautiful, close, loving and magnificent in everything related to the abilities that he has as a pet and as a working dog.

Specifically, in the area of ​​Siberia, the husky ancestors were used in the beginning to hunt, until another use was found. These old Nordic dogs have ended up giving way to some of the breeds that are now very familiar to us like the Alaskan Malamute, the Samoyed or the Eskimo.

The merit of the achievement of what we now know as the Siberian husky breed is attributed to the Chuckchis, a dwelling tribe from the area of ​​Siberia closest to Alaska. Due to a hardening of the weather conditions, its members were forced to move away from their original location in order to get food.

Given this situation, they had to achieve an efficient means of transport for food, which resulted in the birth of "sledge dog". These dogs ended up being very versatile as they accompanied men to the sea to bring food home and transported both goods with which to trade between the tribes, as the tribe's own possessions when they had to go to more comfortable areas.

At that time the husky had the denomination of Siberian chuckchi or chuckchi and was raised to be resistant, rather than fast or strong. Among his usual activities were those of pull light loads at medium speed. When the loads were heavier they had to do dog equipment.

Of what there was no doubt was the ability that these dogs showed so that the cargo arrived intact after very long journeys through the most inhospitable territories that could be suspected. To do this, these dogs had to manage their energy efficiently, so that they had enough left over so that their bodies could keep warm in such very low temperatures.

Although its origin is Siberian, the creation of the race is blamed on the United States, since it was in that country where recognition came as a different race. Before arriving in the United States they went through Alaska where a Russian furrier named Goosak, enrolled them in the first sled race held throughout the state where, against all odds, since people considered them small for dogs to who were accustomed, were third. From there, they gained an extraordinary reputation as top-notch race dogs.

The recognition of the Siberian Husky by the American Kennel Club came in 1930. Another canine association of the country, the United Kennel Club, also registered it with the name of "Arctic Husky", denomination that is still used sometimes in England. In Britain it is recognized as a race in 1968, although it was not until 1986 when the race achieved full recognition, being able to compete in the championships.

Characteristics and physical features

With a height at the cross of between 53.5 and 60 centimeters and a weight that ranges between 16 and 27 kilos, the husky is a medium sized dog, whose resemblance to the wolf is undeniable.

Her face It is white and is framed by a brown, red, blonde, black or gray crown, depending on each specimen. His eyes they are hazelnut brown or sky blue, although many specimens have heterochromia, that is, the mutation that causes Have an eye of each color. His ears They are triangular and pointed, erect and close to each other. His tongue It can be pink or black. It's tail It is thick, curling up on the back and falling down whenever it is relaxed.

Color and fur

The colors of the Siberian husky can be: white, agouti and white, saber and white, black and white, gray and silver, red and white, although the latter two are more characteristic of females. In the standards combinations of several colors are accepted, but never a single color.

If compared to other races, their fur is much more dense and thick, as is logical in a dog that is used to living in the snow. His hair is straight, straight and medium length. It has a sublayer of dense and soft hair.


Those who believe that the key to the success of the Siberian husky lies in its physical aspect, must bear in mind that this is a great point in its favor but that, what is definitely decisive for many people who are pending the decision to adopt it is his character, because it is a very special dog.

Affable, playful and affectionate. This is how you can define these loyal friends who will find themselves "like a fish in the water" within the family nucleus. With theirs they are all love, while with strangers they are somewhat more distant, since they are not considered people of their trust, although we have already alluded to sometimes greeting them effusively.

This beautiful, affectionate and one hundred percent vital, loves sports and running over all things. When considering taking one of them, you have to be honest and think that, if you don't have a large garden where you can waste energy, you should take long daily walks and also some races with your husky.

Don't be fooled by the fact that Their puppies are authentic and adorable stuffed animals, very cute little hair balls that delight everyone. These dogs are arctic athletes and of course they are not made to be raised like a lap dog at your feet.

This breed is ideal for active people, who love outdoor exercise and whose routine includes constant and long crossings through the mountains. If they also live in cold areas, much better, because a husky withstands heat very badly. Otherwise, living together could become difficult. This explains that many of those who were not properly informed before putting a husky at home have been desperate afterwards for not being able to take control of the situation.

This docile and sociable dog is also very outgoing and intelligent and is usually alert. That he loves to integrate into the daily life of his family is logical, if he starts from the basis that its history has been closely linked to the daily routine of women and children of his tribe, who were in charge of giving them all kinds of care.

Did you know that Central Park in New York is a bronze stature as a tribute to this breed? It is intended to honor the memory of a Siberian husky named Balto, who managed to deliver medicine in time to control the dangerous outbreak of diphtheria that emerged in Nome, Alaska in the winter of 1925.

Relationship with other pets

A husky conveniently socialized since childhood will enjoy when accompanied by other dogs, both inside and outside the home. This dog has a tendency to get bored easily so that the presence of some congeners and even that of a cat can be phenomenal.

Think that an early socialization allows your husky to communicate with other pets and people, as well as with everything around him, without fear and without aggressiveness. Spend some time from the beginning to let your husky know the outside and you will be contributing to his happiness.

Relationship with children

The scene of your husky and your children playing nonstop for long hours will be delicious. You should not worry if they all flaunt energy until they fall exhausted, after to have shared a thousand and one adventures In a morning or afternoon. They are made for each other and this snow champion will not allow your kids to run any risk, even if it means compromising their own safety.

To achieve this ideal situation your children must learn to respect the husky as it is, a living being with its own rights and your dog must also know what the limits are. With these clear premises, they will become absolutely inseparable.


Nutrition is a fundamental aspect for a dog to reach its average life, which in the case of the husky is between 12 and 15 years, and also do it with quality.

With this breed you will not have feeding problems, because he loves to eat. Choose a good dry feed that meets your nutritional needs and also help you keep your teeth in perfect condition and get ready to enjoy many years of this "snow terrain" in the best conditions.

A pet that lives in a home must be very clean, a circumstance that will thank both herself and the rest of the family members, so that no unpleasant inconvenience arises from the lack of grooming of the animal. In the specific case of the race that we have in hand we can add the fact that it is about a clean dog, which usually gives off little smell.

Dental hygiene

The correct oral hygiene of your hsuky will influence the increase of your quality of life and that you avoid a series of diseases that result from improper maintenance of the mouth.

The main measure to be taken is not to let tartar settle on the surface of the teeth, as much as possible. To achieve this and, as a puppy, you must submit periodic toothbrushes. You can also ally yourself with those bones and cookies that you will find in the market to fulfill this purpose, with which you can establish a “reward system”.

Bath and drying

This neat dog is not going to need frequent baths, so it will be enough for you to bathe once a month with a special moisturizing shampoo for dogs whose pH is similar to that of their skin, that is, pH7. In the time of shedding you can bathe it more frequently with hot water to facilitate the removal of dead hair and prepare the skin for new hair.

The husky's hair should not be dried in the open air, since this gesture would generate moisture that could result in the appearance of mold and fungus. Use moderate temperature electric dryer and far enough from his hair not to burn him.

The husky's fur is a plus of protection with which this dog counts against the inclement weather and that needs a routine brushing. When the summer period arrives, she changes her hair and loses the internal sublayer, remaining only with the external one, which will produce a small change in tone until the coat is restored when the cold comes again.

During the molting season you will have to brush it daily, because this helps your friend to move before. With this process the husky makes the heat months more bearable.

If you are one of those people who can't stand having to be picking up hair at home, forget about this breed since it is one of those that lead the ranking of the dogs that release the most hairs.

After the time of molting, you should continue brushing your furry friend, but it will be enough if you do it two or three times a week.

Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments

With the administration of convenient doses of vaccines your husky will be free of possible infectious diseases, so it is a measure that you should entrust to your veterinarian, who will establish the vaccination schedule that best suits your dog.

With regard to parasites such as fleas, ticks and intestinal worms, you should know that with the placement of antiparasitic pipettes and collars You can also keep them at bay.

More common diseases

This breed is strong and powerful but has, like any other, a certain genetic predisposition to suffer a series of diseases, the eyes and hips being its main weaknesses.

Although the eyes are a great attraction in the husky, they are also one of the “weaknesses” of this beautiful animal. In the event that you adopt one, you should know that you can be a candidate for hereditary cataracts, which you can verify by regular veterinary check-ups. Some ocular dysfunctions that also usually suffer are corneal dystrophy, progressive retinal atrophy and glaucoma.

Hip dysplasia is another pathology that this animal can suffer, along with skin ailments such as hair follicle dystrophy or zinc deficiency dermatosis.


Siberian husky It is not a recommended dog for first time owners, without previous experience in animal education and training. As the Arctic dog he is, this kind companion is also a hard and self-sufficient dog. The consequence is a challenging behavior, which requires an experienced talent in these tasks by their owners.

When it comes to training them, and although they are very intelligent, this is not the typical race that is willing to please their master, which makes the task more difficult. A veteran owner will make sure to take the reins and not allow his husky to be “an angel in the street and a demon in the house,” complains that some owners are somewhat puzzled by the unsuccessful results of the training.

When you are walking your husky you have to keep in mind that it is an animal endowed with great resistance. Watch it well because in case of loss you will be able to travel a great distance in a short space of time, so it can be difficult to find. To avoid it, don't let it run unsupervised and place a microchip.

Keep in mind that this breed is remarkable escape artist, reputation that has been earned and that on many occasions has brought disastrous consequences for its beautiful specimens, which have ended up injured or, worse, lost forever.

The runners and cyclists are great owners for the husky, since these furry friends will be their most enthusiastic companions during the long exercise sessions, provided the temperatures are not high.

The husky is used to living in a pack so spending too much time just doesn't like anythingto. When they are not accompanied, or do not feel sufficiently stimulated physically or mentally, they can become destructive.

When considering training your husky, forget that this is to teach fun tricks, because this work goes much further. It is about educating him in training orders that are useful for his own safety, the style of teaching him to stay still or to answer your call.

This breed is not difficult to train if you know how to do it. Use with the Siberian husky the positive reinforcement (which works perfectly with their copies) and remember that your dog will need about 10 or 15 minutes of mental stimulation a day so he doesn't forget what he has learned.

Veterinary care

And speaking of veterinary expenses. It is important (in fact, it is mandatory) put at least mandatory vaccines, and the annual revaccination against rabies. It is also advisable to spay or neuter the animal, unless you want to be raised, from at least 7 months if it is female, or from 10 months if it is male.

It is also convenient implant the microchipWell, in case you get lost, if you are taken to a clinic, they will immediately locate you (anyway, I advise you to put a necklace with an identification badge on which your telephone number will have been recorded, because this way the person who finds it can call you directly, without having to take the dog to the veterinarian).

As we have said, it is a race that you need to walk a lot. Take it for long walks and, if you like it and you can, go for a walk in the mountains or in the countryside. Surely you will both enjoy very much.

Finally, you need to know that dogs of this breed are a bit stubborn, so to avoid future problems It is very, very advisable to be trained as children, using positive reinforcement.